Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

The most recent data of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2019) states the following about life, physical, and social science occupations:

Employment in life, physical, and social science occupations is projected to grow 5 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations, and will result in about 68,200 new jobs. Increasing demand for expertise in the sciences, particularly in occupations involved in biomedical research, psychology, energy management, and environmental protection, is projected to result in employment growth.

The median annual wage for life, physical, and social science occupations was $68,160 in May 2019, which was higher than the median wage for all occupations of $39,810.


Life, Physical, and Social Science Jobs

Below you find a list of life, physical, and social science positions with a job summary, entry-level education, and median pay level. Each link brings you to a specific job page where you can find more information about the position, and commonly asked interview questions and answers for that job.

OccupationJob SummaryEntry-Level Education2019 Median Pay
Agricultural and Food Science TechniciansAgricultural and food science technicians assist agricultural and food scientists.Associate's degree$41,230
Agricultural and Food ScientistsAgricultural and food scientists research ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.Bachelor's degree$65,160
Anthropologists and ArcheologistsAnthropologists and archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of humans.Master's degree$63,670
Atmospheric Scientists, Including MeteorologistsAtmospheric scientists study the weather and climate.Bachelor's degree$95,380
Biochemists and BiophysicistsBiochemists and biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes.Doctoral or professional degree$94,490
Biological TechniciansBiological technicians help biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments.Bachelor's degree$45,860
Chemical TechniciansChemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to assist chemists and chemical engineers.Associate's degree$49,260
Chemists and Materials ScientistsChemists and materials scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels and analyze the ways in which the substances interact with one another.Bachelor's degree$78,790
Conservation Scientists and ForestersConservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.Bachelor's degree$62,410
EconomistsEconomists collect and analyze data, research trends, and evaluate economic issues for resources, goods, and services.Master's degree$105,020
Environmental Science and Protection TechniciansEnvironmental science and protection technicians monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution and contamination.Associate's degree$46,540
Environmental Scientists and SpecialistsEnvironmental scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health.Bachelor's degree$71,360
EpidemiologistsEpidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans.Master's degree$70,990
Forensic Science TechniciansForensic science technicians aid criminal investigations by collecting and analyzing evidence.Bachelor's degree$59,150
GeographersGeographers study the Earth and the distribution of its land, features, and inhabitants.Bachelor's degree$81,540
Geological and Petroleum TechniciansGeological and petroleum technicians provide support to scientists and engineers in exploring and extracting natural resources.Associate's degree$51,130
GeoscientistsGeoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth.Bachelor's degree$92,040
HistoriansHistorians research, analyze, interpret, and write about the past by studying historical documents and sources.Master's degree$63,680
HydrologistsHydrologists study how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust.Bachelor's degree$81,270
Medical ScientistsMedical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health.Doctoral or professional degree$88,790
MicrobiologistsMicrobiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.Bachelor's degree$75,650
Nuclear TechniciansNuclear technicians assist physicists, engineers, and other professionals in nuclear research and nuclear energy production.Associate's degree$82,080
Physicists and AstronomersPhysicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact.Doctoral or professional degree$122,220
Political ScientistsPolitical scientists study the origin, development, and operation of political systems.Master's degree$122,220
PsychologistsPsychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.See How to Become One$80,370
SociologistsSociologists study society and social behavior.Master's degree$83,420
Survey ResearchersSurvey researchers design and conduct surveys and analyze data.Master's degree$59,170
Urban and Regional PlannersUrban and regional planners develop land use plans and programs that help create communities, accommodate population growth, and revitalize physical facilities.Master's degree$74,350
Zoologists and Wildlife BiologistsZoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems.Bachelor's degree$63,270


Job Interview Topics – Common Job Interview Questions & Answers

Below you can find a list of common job interview topics. Each link will direct you to an article regarding the specific topics that discuss commonly asked interview questions. Furthermore, each article discusses why the interviewer asks these questions and how you answer them!

  1. Accomplishments
  2. Adaptability
  3. Admission
  4. Behavioral
  5. Career Change
  6. Career Goals
  7. Communication
  8. Competency
  9. Conflict Resolution
  10. Creative Thinking
  11. Cultural Fit
  12. Customer Service
  13. Direct
  14. Experience
  15. Government
  16. Graduate
  17. Growth Potential
  18. Honesty & Integrity
  19. Illegal
  20. Inappropriate
  21. Job Satisfaction
  22. Leadership
  23. Management
  24. Entry-Level & No experience
  25. Performance-Based
  26. Personal
  27. Prioritization & Time Management
  28. Problem-solving
  29. Salary
  30. Situational & Scenario-based
  31. Stress Management
  32. Teamwork
  33. Telephone Interview
  34. Tough
  35. Uncomfortable
  36. Work Ethic