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Life, Physical, and Social Science

By Megainterview Career Coach

Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations


The most recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2021) states the following about life, physical, and social science occupations:

Life, physical, and social science workers use scientific research to help solve problems and expand knowledge.

Overall employment in life, physical, and social science occupations is projected to grow 7 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 98,700 new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 147,900 openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.

The median annual wage for this group was $72,740 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.


Life, Physical, and Social Science Jobs

Below you will find a list of life, physical, and social science positions with a job summary, entry-level education, and median pay level. Each link brings you to a specific job page where you can find more information about the position, and commonly asked interview questions and answers for that job.

OccupationJob SummaryEntry-Level Education2021 Median Pay
Agricultural and Food Science TechniciansAgricultural and food science technicians assist agricultural and food scientists.Associate's degree$44,700
Agricultural and Food ScientistsAgricultural and food scientists research ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.Bachelor's degree$74,160
Anthropologists and ArcheologistsAnthropologists and archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of humans.Master's degree$61,910
Atmospheric Scientists, Including MeteorologistsAtmospheric scientists study the weather and climate.Bachelor's degree$94,570
Biochemists and BiophysicistsBiochemists and biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes.Doctoral or professional degree$102,270
Biological TechniciansBiological technicians help biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments.Bachelor's degree$48,140
Chemical TechniciansChemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to assist chemists and chemical engineers.Associate's degree$48,990
Chemists and Materials ScientistsChemists and materials scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels and analyze the ways in which the substances interact with one another.Bachelor's degree$79,760
Conservation Scientists and ForestersConservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.Bachelor's degree$63,750
EconomistsEconomists collect and analyze data, research trends, and evaluate economic issues for resources, goods, and services.Master's degree$105,630
Environmental Science and Protection TechniciansEnvironmental science and protection technicians monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution and contamination.Associate's degree$47,370
Environmental Scientists and SpecialistsEnvironmental scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health.Bachelor's degree$76,530
EpidemiologistsEpidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans.Master's degree$78,830
Forensic Science TechniciansForensic science technicians aid criminal investigations by collecting and analyzing evidence.Bachelor's degree$61,930
GeographersGeographers study the Earth and the distribution of its land, features, and inhabitants.Bachelor's degree$85,220
Geological and Petroleum TechniciansGeological and petroleum technicians provide support to scientists and engineers in exploring and extracting natural resources.Associate's degree$50,080
GeoscientistsGeoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth.Bachelor's degree$83,680
HistoriansHistorians research, analyze, interpret, and write about the past by studying historical documents and sources.Master's degree$63,940
HydrologistsHydrologists study how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust.Bachelor's degree$84,030
Medical ScientistsMedical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health.Doctoral or professional degree$95,310
MicrobiologistsMicrobiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.Bachelor's degree$79,260
Nuclear TechniciansNuclear technicians assist physicists, engineers, and other professionals in nuclear research and nuclear energy production.Associate's degree$99,340
Physicists and AstronomersPhysicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact.Doctoral or professional degree$147,450
Political ScientistsPolitical scientists study the origin, development, and operation of political systems.Master's degree$122,510
PsychologistsPsychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.See How to Become One$81,040
SociologistsSociologists study society and social behavior.Master's degree$92,910
Survey ResearchersSurvey researchers design and conduct surveys and analyze data.Master's degree$59,740
Urban and Regional PlannersUrban and regional planners develop land use plans and programs that help create communities, accommodate population growth, and revitalize physical facilities.Master's degree$78,500
Zoologists and Wildlife BiologistsZoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems.Bachelor's degree$64,650


Job Interview Topics – Common Job Interview Questions & Answers

Below you can find a list of common job interview topics. Each link will direct you to an article regarding the specific topics that discuss commonly asked interview questions. Furthermore, each article discusses why the interviewer asks these questions and how you answer them!

  1. Accomplishments
  2. Adaptability
  3. Admission
  4. Behavioral
  5. Career Change
  6. Career Goals
  7. Communication
  8. Competency
  9. Conflict Resolution
  10. Creative Thinking
  11. Cultural Fit
  12. Customer Service
  13. Direct
  14. Experience
  15. Government
  16. Graduate
  17. Growth Potential
  18. Honesty & Integrity
  19. Illegal
  20. Inappropriate
  21. Job Satisfaction
  22. Leadership
  23. Management
  24. Entry-Level & No experience
  25. Performance-Based
  26. Personal
  27. Prioritization & Time Management
  28. Problem-solving
  29. Salary
  30. Situational & Scenario-based
  31. Stress Management
  32. Teamwork
  33. Telephone Interview
  34. Tough
  35. Uncomfortable
  36. Work Ethic

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