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Architecture and Engineering

Architecture & Engineering Occupations


The most recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2021) states the following about architecture and engineering occupations:

Architects and engineers design and develop structures, products, and systems and collect information for mapping and other purposes.

Overall employment in architecture and engineering occupations is projected to grow 4 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 91,300 new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 200,900 openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.

The median annual wage for this group was $79,840 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.


Architecture & Engineering Jobs

Below you will find a list of architecture and engineering positions with a job summary, entry-level education, and median pay level. Each link brings you to a specific job page where you can find more information about the position and commonly asked interview questions and answers for that job.

OccupationJob SummaryEntry-Level Education2021 Median Pay
Aerospace Engineering and Operations TechniciansAerospace engineering and operations technicians operate and maintain equipment used in developing, testing, producing, and sustaining new aircraft and spacecraft.Associate's degree$73,580
Aerospace EngineersAerospace engineers design primarily aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles.Bachelor's degree$122,270
Agricultural EngineersAgricultural engineers solve problems concerning power supplies, machine efficiency, the use of structures and facilities, pollution and environmental issues, and the storage and processing of agricultural products.Bachelor's degree$82,640
ArchitectsArchitects plan and design houses, factories, office buildings, and other structures.Bachelor's degree$80,180
Biomedical EngineersBiomedical engineers combine engineering principles with medical sciences to design and create equipment, devices, computer systems, and software.Bachelor's degree$97,410
Cartographers and PhotogrammetristsCartographers and photogrammetrists collect, measure, and interpret geographic information in order to create and update maps and charts for regional planning, education, and other purposes.Bachelor's degree$68,900
Chemical EngineersChemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and math to solve problems that involve the use of fuel, drugs, food, and many other products.Bachelor's degree$105,550
Civil Engineering TechniciansCivil engineering technicians help civil engineers to plan, design, and build highways, bridges, and other infrastructure projects for commercial, industrial, residential, and land development projects.Associate's degree$58,320
Civil EngineersCivil engineers design, build, and supervise infrastructure projects and systems. Bachelor's degree$88,050
Computer Hardware EngineersComputer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer systems and components.Bachelor's degree$128,170
DraftersDrafters use software to convert the designs of engineers and architects into technical drawings.Associate's degree$60,290
Electrical and Electronics Engineering TechniciansElectrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians help engineers design and develop equipment that is powered by electricity or electric current.Associate's degree$63,640
Electrical and Electronics EngineersElectrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment.Bachelor's degree$101,780
Electro-mechanical TechniciansElectro-mechanical technicians operate, test, and maintain unmanned, automated, robotic, or electromechanical equipment.Associate's degree$60,360
Environmental Engineering TechniciansEnvironmental engineering technologists and technicians implement the plans that environmental engineers develop.Associate's degree$48,390
Environmental EngineersEnvironmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems.Bachelor's degree$96,820
Health and Safety EngineersHealth and safety engineers combine knowledge of engineering and of health and safety to develop procedures and design systems to protect people from illness and injury and property from damage.Bachelor's degree$99,040
Industrial Engineering TechniciansIndustrial engineering technicians assist industrial engineers in creating systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.Associate's degree$60,220
Industrial EngineersIndustrial engineers devise efficient systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.Bachelor's degree$95,300
Landscape ArchitectsLandscape architects design parks and other outdoor spaces.Bachelor's degree$67,950
Marine Engineers and Naval ArchitectsMarine engineers and naval architects design, build, and maintain ships, from aircraft carriers to submarines and from sailboats to tankers.Bachelor's degree$93,370
Materials EngineersMaterials engineers develop, process, and test materials used to create a wide range of products.Bachelor's degree$98,300
Mechanical Engineering TechniciansMechanical engineering technicians help mechanical engineers design, develop, test, and manufacture mechanical devices.Associate's degree$60,460
Mechanical EngineersMechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical and thermal sensors and devices.Bachelor's degree$95,300
Mining and Geological EngineersMining and geological engineers design mines to safely and efficiently remove minerals for use in manufacturing and utilities.Bachelor's degree$97,090
Nuclear EngineersNuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear energy and radiation.Bachelor's degree$120,380
Petroleum EngineersPetroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth’s surface.Bachelor's degree$130,850
Surveying and Mapping TechniciansSurveying and mapping technicians collect data and make maps of the Earth's surface.High school diploma or equivalent$46,910
SurveyorsSurveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries.Bachelor's degree$61,600


Job Interview Topics – Common Job Interview Questions & Answers

Below you can find a list of common job interview topics. Each link will direct you to an article regarding the specific topics that discuss commonly asked interview questions. Furthermore, each article discusses why the interviewer asks these questions and how you answer them!

  1. Accomplishments
  2. Adaptability
  3. Admission
  4. Behavioral
  5. Career Change
  6. Career Goals
  7. Communication
  8. Competency
  9. Conflict Resolution
  10. Creative Thinking
  11. Cultural Fit
  12. Customer Service
  13. Direct
  14. Experience
  15. Government
  16. Graduate
  17. Growth Potential
  18. Honesty & Integrity
  19. Illegal
  20. Inappropriate
  21. Job Satisfaction
  22. Leadership
  23. Management
  24. Entry-Level & No experience
  25. Performance-Based
  26. Personal
  27. Prioritization & Time Management
  28. Problem-solving
  29. Salary
  30. Situational & Scenario-based
  31. Stress Management
  32. Teamwork
  33. Telephone Interview
  34. Tough
  35. Uncomfortable
  36. Work Ethic

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Laurie Borman, a distinguished job interview expert and career coach at Megainterview, brings over a decade of expertise in HR and Career Coaching, holding a doctorate in Law. With a global reach as a certified ESL Tutor, she combines her diverse background to provide invaluable insights for job candidates and job seekers, guiding individuals worldwide to career success. Her extensive experience includes law, human resources, recruitment, and tutoring roles, enriching her content with practical strategies rooted in real-world industry knowledge.

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