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Healthcare Occupations


The most recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2021) states the following about healthcare occupations:

Overall employment in healthcare occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 2 million new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 1.9 million openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.

The median annual wage for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations (such as registered nurses, physicians and surgeons, and dental hygienists) was $75,040 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.

Healthcare support occupations (such as home health and personal care aides, occupational therapy assistants, and medical transcriptionists) had a median annual wage of $29,880 in May 2021, which was lower than the median annual wage for all occupations.


Healthcare Jobs

Below you will find a list of healthcare positions with a job summary, entry-level education, and median pay level. Each link brings you to a specific job page where you can find more information about the position and commonly asked interview questions and answers for that job.

OccupationJob SummaryEntry-Level Education2021 Median Pay
Athletic TrainersAthletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses.Bachelor's degree$48,420
AudiologistsAudiologists diagnose, manage, and treat a patient’s hearing, balance, or ear problems.Doctoral or professional degree$78,950
ChiropractorsChiropractors treat patients with health problems of the neuromusculoskeletal system, which includes nerves, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons.Doctoral or professional degree$75,000
Clinical Laboratory Technologists & TechniciansClinical laboratory technologists and technicians collect samples and perform tests to analyze body fluids, tissue, and other substances.Bachelor's degree$57,800
Dental AssistantsDental assistants provide patient care, take x rays, keep records, and schedule appointments.Postsecondary nondegree award$38,660
Dental HygienistsDental hygienists examine patients for signs of oral diseases, such as gingivitis, and provide preventive care, including oral hygiene.Associate's degree$77,810
DentistsDentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth.Doctoral or professional degree$163,220
Diagnostic Medical Sonographers and Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians, Including Vascular TechnologistsDiagnostic medical sonographers and cardiovascular technologists and technicians, including vascular technologists operate special imaging equipment to create images or to conduct tests.Associate's degree$75,380
Dietitians and NutritionistsDietitians and nutritionists advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal.Bachelor's degree$61,650
EMTs and ParamedicsEmergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics respond to emergency calls, performing medical services and transporting patients to medical facilities.Postsecondary nondegree award$36,930
Exercise PhysiologistsExercise physiologists develop fitness and exercise programs that help injured or sick patients recover.Bachelor's degree$47,940
Genetic CounselorsGenetic counselors assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects.Master's degree$80,150
Home Health Aides and Personal Care AidesHome health aides and personal care aides help people with disabilities, chronic illnesses, or cognitive impairment by assisting in their daily living activities.High school diploma or equivalent$29,430
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational NursesLicensed practical nurses (LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic nursing care.Postsecondary nondegree award$48,070
Massage TherapistsMassage therapists treat clients by using touch to manipulate the muscles and other soft tissues of the body.Postsecondary nondegree award$46,910
Medical AssistantsMedical assistants complete administrative and clinical tasks in hospitals, offices of physicians, and other healthcare facilities.Postsecondary nondegree award$37,190
Medical Records and Health Information TechniciansMedical records and health information technicians organize and manage health information data.Postsecondary nondegree award$46,660
Medical TranscriptionistsMedical transcriptionists listen to voice recordings that physicians and other healthcare workers make and convert them into written reports.Postsecondary nondegree award$30,100
Nuclear Medicine TechnologistsNuclear medicine technologists prepare radioactive drugs and administer them to patients for imaging or therapeutic purposes.Associate's degree$78,760
Nurse Anesthetists, Nurse Midwives, and Nurse PractitionersNurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare.Master's degree$123,780
Nursing Assistants and OrderliesNursing assistants provide basic care and help patients with activities of daily living. Orderlies transport patients and clean treatment areas.Postsecondary nondegree $30,290
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and TechniciansOccupational health and safety specialists and technicians collect data on and analyze many types of work environments and work procedures.Postsecondary nondegree $74,870
Occupational TherapistsOccupational therapists treat patients who have injuries, illnesses, or disabilities through the therapeutic use of everyday activities.Master's degree$85,570
Occupational Therapy Assistants and AidesOccupational therapy assistants and aides help patients develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills needed for daily living and working.Associate's degree$61,520
OpticiansOpticians help fit eyeglasses and contact lenses, following prescriptions from ophthalmologists and optometrists.High school diploma or equivalent$37,570
OptometristsOptometrists diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes.Doctoral or professional degree$124,300
Orthotists and ProsthetistsOrthotists and prosthetists design and fabricate medical supportive devices and measure and fit patients for them.Master's degree$75,440
PharmacistsPharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions.Doctoral or professional degree$128,570
Pharmacy TechniciansPharmacy technicians help pharmacists dispense prescription medication to customers or health professionals.High school diploma or equivalent$36,740
PhlebotomistsPhlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions, research, or blood donations.Postsecondary nondegree award$37,380
Physical Therapist Assistants and AidesPhysical therapist assistants and aides are supervised by physical therapists to help patients regain movement and manage pain after injuries and illnesses.Associate's degree$49,180
Physical TherapistsPhysical therapists help injured or ill people improve movement and manage pain.Doctoral or professional degree$95,620
Physician AssistantsPhysician assistants practice medicine on teams with physicians, surgeons, and other healthcare workers.Master's degree$121,530
Physicians and SurgeonsPhysicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses.Doctoral or professional degreeThis wage is equal to or greater than $208,000 per year.
PodiatristsPodiatrists provide medical and surgical care for people with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems.Doctoral or professional degree$145,840
Psychiatric Technicians and AidesPsychiatric technicians and aides care for people who have mental illness and developmental disabilities.Associate's degree$36,230
Radiation TherapistsRadiation therapists treat cancer and other diseases in patients by administering radiation treatments.Associate's degree$82,790
Radiologic and MRI TechnologistsRadiologic technologists perform diagnostic imaging examinations on patients. MRI technologists operate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to create diagnostic images.Associate's degree$61,980
Recreational TherapistsRecreational therapists plan, direct, and coordinate recreation-based treatment programs for people with disabilities, injuries, or illnesses.Bachelor's degree$47,940
Registered NursesRegistered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care and educate patients and the public about various health conditions.Bachelor's degree$77,600
Respiratory TherapistsRespiratory therapists care for patients who have trouble breathing—for example, from a chronic respiratory disease, such as asthma or emphysema.Associate's degree$61,830
Speech-Language PathologistsSpeech-language pathologists assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in children and adults.Master's degree$79,060
Surgical TechnologistsSurgical technologists assist in surgical operations.Postsecondary nondegree award$48,510
VeterinariansVeterinarians care for the health of animals and work to protect public health.Doctoral or professional degree$100,370
Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal CaretakersVeterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers handle routine animal care and help scientists, veterinarians, and others with their daily tasks.High school diploma or equivalent$29,780
Veterinary Technologists and TechniciansVeterinary technologists and technicians do medical tests that help diagnose animals’ injuries and illnesses.Associate's degree$36,850


Job Interview Topics – Common Job Interview Questions & Answers

Below you can find a list of common job interview topics. Each link will direct you to an article regarding the specific topics that discuss commonly asked interview questions. Furthermore, each article discusses why the interviewer asks these questions and how you answer them!

  1. Accomplishments
  2. Adaptability
  3. Admission
  4. Behavioral
  5. Career Change
  6. Career Goals
  7. Communication
  8. Competency
  9. Conflict Resolution
  10. Creative Thinking
  11. Cultural Fit
  12. Customer Service
  13. Direct
  14. Experience
  15. Government
  16. Graduate
  17. Growth Potential
  18. Honesty & Integrity
  19. Illegal
  20. Inappropriate
  21. Job Satisfaction
  22. Leadership
  23. Management
  24. Entry-Level & No experience
  25. Performance-Based
  26. Personal
  27. Prioritization & Time Management
  28. Problem-solving
  29. Salary
  30. Situational & Scenario-based
  31. Stress Management
  32. Teamwork
  33. Telephone Interview
  34. Tough
  35. Uncomfortable
  36. Work Ethic

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